The blood vessels responsible for carrying blood rich in oxygen all through the body parts and brain are arteries. Blood easily flows in healthy arteries which have smooth internal walls. However, some people develop blocked or clogged arteries. Blocked arteries result from the building up of plaque on the inner walls of the blood arteries. This reduces the flow of blood and can eventually block it. Blocked arteries can increase the possibility of stroke, heart attacks, and even death when neglected or not informed. This calls for you to be aware of your heart, the causes of blocked arteries, and the urgent treatment you get to avert serious consequences. To get started, you need to be informed about your health, health issues, and how it works by always reading on the Gerard Leong Cardiology Clinic website.
What are the symptoms of blocked arteries?
Blocked arteries may not cause any symptoms in most cases until a heart attack, stroke, and other major events occur. When the blood arteries are blocked by more than 70%, the building up of plaque on the arteries wall may cause the following symptoms:
- Chest pain
- Dizziness or weakness
- Shortness of breath
- Heart palpitations
Chest pain otherwise known as which is often the first symptom may occur when blood is not flowing as it should to the heat. The reduced blood flow is caused by the buildup of plaque in the blood arteries which leads to the heart. When you start experiencing these symptoms of blocked arteries mentioned above, consult your doctor immediately.
What causes blocked arteries?
Heart blockage or blocked arteries is majorly caused by coronary atherosclerosis. Other minor causes of blocked arteries are coronary artery vasculitis and coronary artery spasm.
What is the treatment of blocked arteries?
If you experience the aforementioned symptoms of blocked arteries and have visited a doctor who confirmed it, the possible treatment will be given include:
- Change of lifestyle
This is essential to manage arterial plaque and treat blocked arteries. You should:
- Maintain healthy body weight.
- Eat a diet with low cholesterol, low saturated fats, and fewer sugars, but rich in vegetables and fruits.
- Reduce stress
- Stop smoking
- Maintain low blood sugars
- Keep cholesterol and blood pressure low
The specific medications for blocked arteries depend greatly on the cause. Nevertheless, some of the medications that will reduce the building of plaque in the arteries include:
- Drugs that lower blood pressure and cholesterol
- Aspirin and anti-anginal drugs to relax the coronary blood vessels.